Ịchọgharị Psychotherapy: Ịghọta Ọrụ Ya na Uru Ya

ọgwụgwọ - onyonyo sitere n'aka Tiyo Prasetyo sitere na Pixabay
ọgwụgwọ - onyonyo sitere n'aka Tiyo Prasetyo sitere na Pixabay

N'ụwa nke oge a na-agba ọsọ ọsọ, ịgagharị n'ime mgbagwoju anya nke uche anyị nwere ike ịdị ka ịgafe labyrinth na-enweghị map.

Ma anyị na-enwe nchekasị, ịda mbà n'obi, ọnyà, ma ọ bụ na-achọ naanị ọganihu onwe onye na nghọta onwe onye, ​​​​psychotherapy na-apụta dị ka ìhè na-eduzi n'ọchịchịrị nke mgba nke uche anyị.

Mana kedu ihe bụ psychotherapy, oleekwa ọrụ ọ gụnyere? Soro anyị na njem ka anyị na-abanye n'ime omimi nke psychotherapy, na-akọwapụta ebumnuche ya na ikpughe ọtụtụ uru ya.

Kedu ihe bụ Psychotherapy?

Na isi ya, psychotherapy bụ usoro imekọ ihe ọnụ n'etiti onye na-agwọ ọrịa a zụrụ azụ na otu onye ma ọ bụ otu, nke ezubere iji nyochaa echiche, mmetụta, na omume iji kwado mgbanwe dị mma na imeziwanye ọdịmma nke uche. 

Ọ na-enye ohere nchekwa na nzuzo maka ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu ka ha kwupụta onwe ha n'ihu ọha, n'atụghị egwu ikpe, ka ha na-arụ ọrụ iji ghọta na dozie nsogbu uche.

Kedu ihe bụ Ọrụ Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy gụnyere ọtụtụ ọrụ ahaziri maka mkpa pụrụ iche nke onye ọ bụla. Site na ọgwụgwọ okwu ọdịnala gaa na ụzọ pụrụ iche dị ka cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), na psychodynamic therapy, enwere ọtụtụ nhọrọ dị.

Enwere ike ịnye ọrụ ndị a n'ụdị dị iche iche, gụnyere nnọkọ nke onye ọ bụla, ọgwụgwọ di na nwunye, ọgwụgwọ ezinụlọ, ma ọ bụ ọgwụgwọ otu, dabere n'ụdị okwu a na-ekwu. 

Na mgbakwunye na nnọkọ ihu na ihu ọdịnala, ọrụ psychotherapy nwekwara ike ịgbatị na teletherapy, na-enye ndị mmadụ ohere ịnweta ọgwụgwọ ozugbo site na nnọkọ vidiyo ma ọ bụ oku ekwentị.

Mgbanwe a ọ bụghị naanị na-abawanye ohere maka ndị nwere nhazi oge ma ọ bụ okwu ngagharị ma na-ewepụkwa ihe mgbochi dị ka anya mpaghara, na-eme ka ndị mmadụ nweta ọgwụgwọ ọzọ n'ime ime obodo ma ọ bụ mpaghara enweghị nchekwa.

Gịnị bụ ebumnobi nke Psychotherapy?

Ebumnobi nke psychotherapy nwere ọtụtụ akụkụ, gụnyere ma enyemaka mgbaama na uto nke onwe onye miri emi. Ọ bụ ezie na ibelata mgbaàmà dị ka nchekasị, ịda mbà n'obi, ma ọ bụ nrụgide bụ ihe ịrụ ụka adịghị ya na ihe mgbaru ọsọ bụ isi, psychotherapy na-agabiga nanị njikwa mgbaàmà iji dozie ihe kpatara nsogbu uche.

Site n'inyocha mgbọrọgwụ nke okwu ndị a, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu nwere ike nweta nghọta n'echiche, mmetụta, na omume ha, na-emeghe ụzọ maka mgbanwe bara uru na nke na-adịgide adịgide.

Ọzọkwa, psychotherapy bu n'obi ịkwalite mmata onwe ya na nnabata onwe onye, ​​na-enye ndị mmadụ ike ịzụlite usoro nnabata ahụike na nka mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya. Site na usoro ọgwụgwọ ahụ, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu nwere ike ịzụlite nghọta miri emi banyere onwe ha na mmekọrịta ha, na-eduga n'inweghachi ike na mmetụta uche.

Gịnị bụ kacha mma Psychotherapy?

Ajụjụ nke psychotherapy "kachasị mma" bụ nke onwe ma dabere n'ihe dị iche iche, gụnyere mkpa pụrụ iche nke onye ahụ, mmasị, na ọdịdị nke nchegbu ha na-enye. Ihe kacha mma maka otu onye nwere ike ọ gaghị adị irè maka onye ọzọ, na-emesi mkpa ọ dị ụzọ ọgwụgwọ ahaziri onwe ya.

Nke a na-ekwu, ọtụtụ usoro ọgwụgwọ na-egosi na ọ dị irè n'ịgwọ ọtụtụ nsogbu uche. Usoro ọgwụgwọ omume (CBT), dịka ọmụmaatụ, na-elekwasị anya n'ịchọpụta na ịma aka usoro echiche na omume na-adịghị mma, na-eme ka ọ dị irè karịsịa maka nchekasị, ịda mbà n'obi, na nsogbu mgbagwoju anya (OCD).

Ngwọta omume dialectical (DBT), n'aka nke ọzọ, na-emesi uche uche, ụkpụrụ mmetụta uche, na ịdị irè nke mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, na-eme ka ọ dị mma maka ndị mmadụ na-alụ ọgụ na njedebe àgwà mmadụ (BPD) ma ọ bụ àgwà ndị na-ebibi onwe ha.

Ọgwụgwọ Psychodynamic, gbanyere mkpọrọgwụ na ụkpụrụ Freudian, na-enyocha usoro amaghị ama na ahụmịhe gara aga nke nwere ike imetụta omume ugbu a, na-eme ka ọ baa uru maka ndị na-achọ nghọta miri emi na psyche ha na usoro mmekọrịta ha.

N'ikpeazụ, ọgwụgwọ akparamaagwa "kachasị mma" dabara na ebumnuche onye ahụ, na-akwalite njikọ ọgwụgwọ siri ike, ma gboo mkpa ha pụrụ iche n'ụzọ nkwado na ọmịiko.

Uru nke Psychotherapy:

Uru nke psychotherapy na-erute nke ukwuu, na-agafe karịa enyemaka mgbanaka iji gbasaa ọgwụgwọ zuru oke na uto onwe onye. Ụfọdụ n'ime uru ndị bụ isi gụnyere:

1. Ụkpụrụ mmetụta uche emelitere:

Psychotherapy na-akwado ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na nkà iji chịkwaa mmetụta ha nke ọma, na-eduga n'ịbawanye nkwụsi ike mmetụta uche na nkwụsi ike. Site na usoro ndị dị ka iche echiche, ụkpụrụ mmetụta uche, na ndidi nsogbu, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na-amụta ịmata na jikwaa mmetụta uche siri ike nke ọma.

Site n'inweta ikike na nzaghachi mmetụta uche ha, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu nwere ike iji nwayọọ na ntụkwasị obi jiri ọnọdụ siri ike mee njem, na-ebelata ihe ize ndụ nke mmetụta uche ma ọ bụ omume mkpali.

2. Nkà na-edozi nsogbu emelitere:

Usoro ọgwụgwọ na-enye ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu ohere dị nchebe iji nyochaa ngwọta maka ihe ịma aka nke ndụ na ịzụlite nkà na-edozi nsogbu dị irè. Site n'inyocha usoro nke iche echiche na omume, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu nwere ike ịchọpụta ihe mgbochi ma nyochaa usoro ọzọ maka imeri ha.

Usoro a ọ bụghị nanị na-akwalite mmetụta nke ike na ịrụ ọrụ nke onwe ya kamakwa na-akwado ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na nkwụsi ike na mgbanwe mgbanwe iji mee mgbanwe n'ọnọdụ mgbanwe na imeri ihe mgbochi na ndụ onwe ha na nke ọkachamara.

3. Karịrị Ọmịiko na Nnabata:

Psychotherapy na-akwalite ọmịiko onwe onye na ịnakwere onwe ya site n'ịma aka okwu onwe onye na-adịghị mma na ịkwalite mmekọrịta ọmịiko na nghọta karịa onwe ya. Site na usoro ọgwụgwọ, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na-amụta ịmata na ịma aka onwe ha echiche na nkwenkwe, dochie ha na ezi uche na ọmịiko echiche.

Ngbanwe a na-enwere ọmịiko onwe onye na-azụlite nghọta ka ukwuu nke uru onwe na nnabata, na-ebelata mmetụta nke ihere, obi amamikpe, na erughị eru.

4. Mmekọrịta siri ike:

Usoro ọgwụgwọ nwere ike inwe mmetụta dị ukwuu na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, ịkwalite nkà nkwurịta okwu, ọmịiko, na ikike ime mkpebi esemokwu. Site n'inyocha usoro mmekọrịta na mgbanwe, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na-enweta nghọta n'ime mkpa nke ha na nke ndị ọzọ, na-akwalite njikọ miri emi na mmekọrịta bara uru karị.

Mmata mmekọrịta a na-abawanye na-enyere ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu aka ịnyagharị esemokwu nke ọma, zụlite oke ahụike, ma wulite mmekọrịta siri ike, na-eju afọ nke ndị mmekọ, ndị otu ezinụlọ, ndị enyi na ndị ọrụ ibe.

5. Nkwalite nkwụghachi na nka nka:

Site na pskysothery, ndị mmadụ na-etolite na ịnagide nkà na resingation-iwu na-ebugharị ihe ịma aka nke ndụ na amara na resingation. Ma ọ̀ na-eche mgbanwe mgbanwe ndị bụ́ isi ná ndụ ihu, ndọghachi azụ ndị a na-atụghị anya ha, ma ọ bụ nrụgide na-aga n’ihu, ndị mmadụ n’otu n’otu na-amụta ịdọrọ ike na ihe onwunwe ha iji nagide ahụhụ nke ọma.

Nkwalite nke a na-abawanye ọ bụghị nanị na-akwalite ọdịmma nke uche kamakwa ọ na-eme ka ndụ ya dịkwuo mma, na-eme ka ndị mmadụ nwee ike ịlaghachi azụ na ndaghachi azụ na ime nke ọma n'oge nsogbu.

6. Uto nkeonwe na ime onwe ya:

Ikekwe nke kachasị mkpa, psychotherapy na-akwalite uto onwe onye na ime onwe ya site n'inye ndị mmadụ ike ibi ndụ nke ọma, na-emezu ndụ kwekọrọ n'ụkpụrụ na ọchịchọ ha.

Site n'inyocha nkwenkwe, ụkpụrụ, na ihe mgbaru ọsọ ha bụ isi, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na-enweta idoanya banyere ihe dị ha ezigbo mkpa na ihe na-eweta nzube na nzube ná ndụ ha. Usoro a nke nchọpụta onwe onye na-enyere ndị mmadụ aka ịchụso ọchịchọ ha, ịzụlite njikọ bara uru, na ịchụso ikike ha zuru oke, na-eduga n'echiche miri emi nke afọ ojuju na afọ ojuju na ndụ.

Na nchịkọta, uru nke psychotherapy gbatịrị agafe karịa enyemaka mgbaama iji gbasaa ọgwụgwọ zuru oke, uto onwe onye, ​​na ike. Site n'ịkwado ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu na nka na nghọta dị mkpa iji jiri nkwụsi ike, ọmịiko onwe onye, ​​na eziokwu were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were were wepụta ihe ịma aka ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu n'ime ihe ịma aka nke ndụ n'ịgbanwe mgbanwe mgbanwe nke na-agbapụta apụta, na-eme ka akụkụ ọ bụla nke ndụ na mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya dịkwuo mma.

mmechi:

Psychotherapy na-enye gburugburu ebe nchekwa na nkwado maka ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu iji nyochaa echiche ha, mmetụta ha na omume ha, na ebumnuche nke ịkwalite mgbanwe dị mma na ịkwalite ọdịmma n'ozuzu ya.

Site na ịnakwere ụdị ọrụ dị iche iche dị na ịrụkọ ọrụ ọnụ na onye na-agwọ ọrịa a zụrụ azụ, ndị mmadụ n'otu n'otu nwere ike ịmalite njem mgbanwe iji nweta nghọta onwe onye ka ukwuu, nkwụsi ike, na mmezu. Ma ịchọ enyemaka site na mgbaàmà ma ọ bụ na-agbalịsi ike maka uto onwe onye, ​​​​psychotherapy na-eguzo dị ka ihe mgbawa nke olileanya na ọgwụgwọ na mpaghara ahụike uche.

Banyere chepụtara

Linda Hohnholz

Onye nchịkọta akụkọ maka eTurboNews dabere na eTN HQ.

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