Mmanya na-egbu maramara sitere na Spain na-ama aka "ụmụ okorobịa ndị ọzọ"

Foto sitere n'aka E.Garely

Ndị French ejirila ọtụtụ dollar ịzụ ahịa mee ka anyị kwekọọ na Champagne na oge dị mma, n'otu oge na-agba anyị ume ikwere na mmanya niile na-egbuke egbuke bụ French. Nsonaazụ? Champagne aghọwo okwu dị ebe niile. Ọ bụrụ na anyị nwere ọchịchọ maka otu iko mmanya na-egbuke egbuke ụbụrụ anyị na-abanye ozugbo na okwu Champagne, anyị na-etinyekwa iwu anyị na onye na-ere mmanya ma ọ bụ onye njikwa na ụlọ ahịa mmanya.

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N'ezie, na mgbakwunye na France (na-emepụta 550 nde karama), anyị nwere nhọrọ ndị na-agụnye Ịtali (prosecco - na-emepụta 660 +/- bottles), Germany (na-emepụta 350 ijeri karama), Spain (Cava. +/- na-emepụta 260 nde karama. ), na United States (na-emepụta karama 162 nde) (forbes.com). Anyị achọpụtala na mmanya na-egbuke egbuke dị egwu mgbe anyị nwere obi ụtọ, ọmarịcha mgbe anyị na-enwe mwute, ọ dị mkpa mgbe a chụrụ anyị n'ọrụ, yana ihe dị anyị mkpa mgbe anyị nwetara nyocha nke Omicron.

Mkpesa zuru ụwa ọnụ maka mmanya na-egbuke egbuke amụbaala mmepụta site na pasent 57 kemgbe 2002 na mmepụta ụwa na-akpata karama ijeri 2.5 bụ nke na-erughị pasent 8 nke ngụkọta mmanya ụwa na-emepụta nke ijeri karama 32.5. Ọchịchọ na mmepụta nke mmanya na-egbuke egbuke bụ Australia, Brazil, UK na Portugal.

Wine na-egbuke egbuke na Spanish? CAVA

CAVA pụtara "ọgba" ma ọ bụ "cellar" ebe, na mmalite mmepụta cava, a na-emepụta mmanya na-egbuke egbuke ma mee agadi ma ọ bụ chekwaa ya. Ndị na-emepụta mmanya na Spen jiri okwu ahụ mee ihe na 1970 iji kewaa ngwaahịa Spanish na champeenu French. A na-emepụta cava mgbe niile na gbaa ụka nke abụọ na karama ahụ, yana ma ọ dịkarịa ala ọnwa 9 nke karama ịka nká na lees.

Don Josep Raventos, nwa nke Don Juame Codorniu (onye nchoputa nke Cordorniu - otu n'ime ndị na-emepụta cava na Spain), mere karama mbụ nke Cava na mpaghara Penedes, North Eastern Spain. N'oge ahụ, phylloxera (ụmụ ahụhụ ndị na-ebibi ubi-vine na-achọsi ike maka red varietals na Penedes) hapụrụ mpaghara ahụ nwere nanị ụdị ọcha. N'oge a, ụdị dị iche iche na-acha ọcha abụghị nke a na-ere ahịa mgbe a na-eme ya ka ọ bụrụ ezigbo mmanya. N'ịmụta ihe ịga nke ọma nke champeenu French, Raventos mụrụ usoro ahụ, na-emegharị ya iji mepụta nsụgharị Spanish nke champeenu site na iji Methode Champenoise si na Spanish varietal Macabeo, Xarello, na Parellada dị - na-amụ Cava.

Afọ iri ka e mesịrị, Manuel Raventos malitere mgbasa ozi ahịa na Europe dum maka Cava ya. N'afọ 1888, Cordorniu Cavas meriri nke mbụ n'ime ọtụtụ nrite ọla edo na onyinye, na-eme ka aha Spanish Cava pụta na Spain.

ahịa

Spain bụ mba nke atọ na-ebupụ mmanya na-egbuke egbuke, ntakịrị n'azụ France, na mbupụ na-aga United States, Germany, na Belgium. Dị ka mmanya na-egbuke egbuke nke Spain, a na-eme Cava na usoro omenala French Champagne. A na-emepụta ya nke ukwuu na mpaghara ugwu ọwụwa anyanwụ nke mba ahụ ( mpaghara Penedes nke Catalonia), yana obodo Sant Sdaurni d'Anoia bụ ebe obibi nke ọtụtụ ụlọ mmepụta Catalan kachasị ukwuu. Otú ọ dị, ndị na-emepụta ihe na-agbasasị n'akụkụ ndị ọzọ nke mba ahụ, karịsịa ebe mmepụta Cava bụ akụkụ nke Denominacion de Origen (DO). Ọ nwere ike ịbụ ọcha (blanco) ma ọ bụ rose (rosado). Ụdị mkpụrụ vaịn kachasị ewu ewu bụ Macabeo, Parellada na Xarel-lo; Otú ọ dị, ọ bụ nanị mmanya ndị a na-emepụta na usoro omenala nwere ike ịkpọ CAVA. Ọ bụrụ na a na-emepụta mmanya ndị ahụ site na usoro ọ bụla ọzọ, a ga-akpọ ha "mmanya na-egbuke egbuke" (vinos espumosos).

Iji mee rose cava, ịgwakọta bụ NO Mba.

A ghaghị imepụta mmanya ahụ site na usoro Saignee, na-eji Garnacha, Pinot Noir, Trepat ma ọ bụ Monastrell. E wezụga Macabeu, Parellada na Xarel-lo, cava nwekwara ike ịgụnye Chardonnay, Pinot Noir na mkpụrụ vaịn Subirat.

A na-emepụta Cava n'ụdị ụtọ dị iche iche, sitere na akọrọ (ụdị obi ọjọọ) site na brut, brut Reserve, seco, semiseco, ruo dulce (kachasị ụtọ). Ọtụtụ cavas abụghị nke vintage n'ihi na ha bụ ngwakọta nke mkpụrụ vaịn dị iche iche.

Ihe ịma aka ahịa ahịa Cava

Kedu ihe kpatara okwu Champagne ji esi n'egbugbere ọnụ anyị na-asọpụta, na Cava nwere ike ọ gaghị adị na lexicon mmanya anyị? A na-edobe mmanya na-egbuke egbuke sitere na Spain n'ahịa mmanya na-egbuke egbuke, ma na-enwekwa mmefu ego ịzụ ahịa ezughị oke. Ndị Ịtali ejirila ọtụtụ ijeri dollar na Euro nweta Prosecco ka ọ bụrụ akụkụ nke okwu mkparịta ụka anyị kwa ụbọchị, France na-akwalite Champagne kemgbe 1693 (mgbe Dom Pérignon "mepụtara" Champagne,

Ndị na-eri mmanya maara nke ọma na-enwe ekele maka àgwà ndị dị na Cava: owuwe ihe ubi aka, ịpịkọta ụyọkọ dum n'obere ebe obibi dị elu; ogologo lees ịka nká na karama; aka disgorgement maka premium cuvees; na iguzosi ike n'ihe na-agbaso usoro ọdịnala. Ọ bụ ezie na ndị otu mmanya maara, ma na-enwe ekele maka nkọwa ya, ndị ọzọ "dị ka mmanya," na-aghọta mmanya na-egbuke egbuke bụ.

Ndị na-ere ahịa ihe n'ime ụlọ ahịa na-etinyekwa Cava n'ụzọ dị njọ, na-eji mmanya jug na-adịghị ọnụ ma ọ bụ mmụọ dị ọnụ ala na-ebufe Cava ugboro ugboro. Ngwongwo dị elu dị elu (nchekwa, Gran Reserva, na Cava del Paraje) anaghị etinye aka na ụbụrụ ndị na-azụ mmanya, ma ọ bụ, ọ bụrụ na ha emee ya, ọ nwere ike ịbụ na akụkụ nke ụbụrụ a na-akpọ "mmefu ego," na-amanye Cava ka ọ bụrụ asọmpi. nwere mmanya bekee na-egbu maramara na ọbụna ụfọdụ ụdị Champagne dị ọnụ ala.

Cava na-eto eto na ewu ewu, na iwu ọhụrụ abanyela iji nọgide na-enwe ọganihu na-emepụta Council Regulatory Council of CAVA Protected Designation of Origin. Malite na 2018, Javier Pages eduzila nzukọ ahụ ebe ọ bụkwa onye isi oche nke Barcelona Wine Week (mba ahịa mmanya Spanish mba ụwa).

Iwu ọhụrụ

Gịnị ka ụkpụrụ ga-emezu? Iwu ndị ahụ ga-eme ka njirimara dị mma nke Cava gbasaa ma gụnye ndị niile na-emepụta mmanya na ndị na-emepụta Nhazi nke Mmalite (DO), na-abawanye mmalite kachasị, na mma.

Ọ bụrụ na Cava mere agadi karịa ọnwa 18, a ga-akpọ ya Cava de Guarda Superior, ma mee ya site na mkpụrụ vaịn sitere na ubi-vine edebanye aha na ndekọ aha nke Board nke Guara Superior, ma ga-emezu ihe ndị a:

a. Vine ga-adịrịrị afọ 10

b. Vines ga-abụ organic (afọ 5 mgbanwe)

c. Mkpụrụ kachasị nke 4.9 tọn / acre, mmepụta dị iche iche (ichepụta iche site na ubi-vine gaa na karama)

d. Ihe akaebe nke vintage na organic - na label

1. Mmepụta nke Cavas de Guarda Superior (gụnyere Cavas Reserve na opekempe ọnwa 18 nke ịka nká; Gran Reserva nwere opekata mpe ọnwa 30), na Cavas d Paraje Calificado - site na nkata pụrụ iche nwere opekempe nke ọnwa 36. ịka nká - ga-abụrịrị 100% organic site na 2025.

2. Mpaghara ọhụrụ nke DO Cava: Comtats de Barcela, Ndagwurugwu Ebro, na Levante.

3. Ịmepụta afọ ofufo nke akara "Integral Producer" maka wineries na-pịa ma gosipụta 100 pasent nke ngwaahịa ha.

4. Mpaghara ọhụrụ na nkewa nke Cava DO ga-apụta na akara nke karama mbụ na Jenụwarị 2022.

Corpinnat. Wineries na-alụ ọgụ maka nnwere onwe

Ụfọdụ Spanish wineries ahapụla DO ha, na-emepụta aha otu onye: Conca del Rui Anoia n'ihi na ha enweghị afọ ojuju na Dos akụkọ ihe mere eme enweghị mmasị na àgwà nke na-eweda ika ahụ. Corpinnat bụ aha ọhụrụ n'etiti mmanya ndị Spen na-egbuke egbuke, ndị na-egbukepụ egbukepụ, na ndị na-emepụta ewepụtala atụmatụ maka Ụlọ Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọrụ Ugbo nke Spain maka asambodo. Mgbe/ọ bụrụ na akwadoro, ọ ga-abụ mgbanwe dị egwu nke ika Cava. 

Na 2019 wineries itoolu hapụrụ Cava DO ka ọ bụrụ Corpinnat maka mmanya na-egbuke egbuke. Ndị na-eri mmanya chọrọ ịgụnye Corpinnat na DO mana ụlọ ọrụ nchịkwa jụrụ - ya mere ha hapụrụ. Ndị na-emepụta mmanya na-enwe mmasị ịmepụta mmanya na-elekwasị anya na ụjọ. N'adịghị ka France, Spain enweghị usoro nhazi nke egwu egwu, na obere ndị na-emepụta mmanya dị mma na Spen na-arịọ maka mgbanwe ruo ọtụtụ afọ. Ndị na-emepụta nnukwu ihe na-azụta mkpụrụ vaịn n'aka onye ọ bụla na n'ebe ọ bụla na mpaghara mpaghara ha akọwapụtara nke ọma na-emepụta ọnụ ala dị ukwuu, na-akpata isi ọwụwa, ngwaahịa mmepụta ihe, na-ede ya otu DO, na-eme ka ọ fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ihe na-agaghị ekwe omume maka obere ụlọ ndị na-eyi egwu na-eme ka ha dị iche iche. .

Cava anaghị agafe otu ule siri ike dị ka Champagne.

Nke a na-arụpụta n'eziokwu na nnukwu ndị na-emepụta cava na-enwe ike ịmepụta nnukwu mmanya na-adịghị mma na otu nhazi nke na-eme ka ndị na-emepụta mmanya dị mma nke ọma na otu brush mediocre. Enweghị njikwa nke ịdị mma emeela ka eziokwu ahụ bụrụ na aha Cava a ma ama n'ụwa na-efunahụ ugwu ya ebe ahịa zuru ụwa ọnụ maka mmanya na-egbuke egbuke. Cava tụfuru òkè ahịa na prosecco, onye usoro amara ya na-eme ka ọ dị obere ọnụ ahịa imepụta ya.

Cavas echekwabara

Na ihe omume mmanya New York City na-adịbeghị anya, nke European Union na-akwado (Ogo Mmanya sitere na Obi nke Europe) enwere m ohere ịnweta Cavas ole na ole. N'ime mmanya ndị na-egbuke egbuke dị, ndị a bụ ọkacha mmasị m:

1. Anna de Codorniu. Blanc de Blancs. Mee Cava-Penedes. 70 percent Chardonnay, 15 percent Parellada, 7.5 percent Macabeo, 7.5 percent Xarel.lo

Ọnye na-bụ Anna na gịnị kpatara itinye aha ya na Cava? A na-ahụ Anna de Codorniu dị ka nwanyị nke gbanwere akụkọ ihe mere eme winery site na nkà ya, na ịma mma ọ sụrụ ụzọ gbakwunyere Chardonnay varietal n'ime ngwakọta Cava.

N'anya anya, Anna na-egosi isi awọ na-egbuke egbuke ma na-agba ume nke nwere ihe ngosi akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ na-eme ka ọ bụrụ ihe na-atọ ụtọ ịhụ n'ihi na afụ ahụ dị mma, na-adịgide adịgide, ike na-aga n'ihu. Imi na-enwe obi ụtọ na nchọta nke nkume mmiri mmiri, citrus oroma, na mkpụrụ osisi okpomọkụ jikọtara na ísì ụtọ ịka nká (chee toast na brioche). Palate na-anụ ụtọ ude, acidity dị ọkụ, na obi ụtọ na-adịte aka na-eduga na njedebe ụtọ dị ogologo. Zuru oke dị ka aperitif, ma ọ bụ jiri akwụkwọ nri sauteed, azụ, nri mmiri na anụ esiri esi; na-eguzosi ike naanị ya ma ọ bụ jikọtara ya na dessert.

2. L'avi Paul Gran Reserva Brut Nature. Maset. 30 pasent Xarel-lo, 25 pasent Parellada, 20 percent Chardonnay.

A na-echeta Paul Massan (1777) na L'avi Pau Cava, dịka onye mbụ n'usoro ọmụmụ ezinụlọ. A na-akụ osisi vine ochie (afọ 20-40) na njupụta dị ala na elu 200-400 m n'elu oke osimiri. Mmanya afọ na cellars 5 m n'okpuru ala na opekempe ịka nká nke ọnwa 36.

Anya na-achọta ndò ọla edo, yana afụ agwakọta nke ọma ebe imi na-enweta mkpụrụ osisi chara acha, citrus, brioche na almọnd. Ọnụ ọnụ na-achọpụta njem kpọrọ nkụ na nke na-egbu egbu nke na-eduga n'ịmecha ogologo oge na-adịgide adịgide na-egosi ụtọ mmanụ aṅụ na crabapples. Jikọta na prawns na ose na-ekpo ọkụ ma ọ bụ wunye oysters.

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ, pịa ebe a.

Nke a bụ usoro na-elekwasị anya na Wines nke Spain:

Rgụọ akụkụ 1 Ebe a:  Spain kwalitere egwuregwu mmanya ya: Ọtụtụ karịa Sangria

Rgụọ akụkụ 2 Ebe a:  Wine nke Spain: Detụ ihe dị iche ugbu a

© Dr. Elinor Garely. Enwere ike ịmegharị akụkọ nwebiisinka a, gụnyere foto, na-enweghị ikike ederede sitere n'aka onye odee ya.

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Dr. Elinor Garely - pụrụ iche na eTN na nchịkọta akụkọ na isi, wines.travel

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  • Akụkọ mara mma na nke zuru oke gbasara ụwa mmanya na-egbuke egbuke na Spain. Daalụ Dr. Elinor Barely. Ee, ekwenyere m, ụbụrụ anyị ejiri okwu Champagne kpuchie ụbụrụ anyị maka ihe niile na-egbuke egbuke. M ga-azụghachi ụbụrụ m ka m dị iche iche wee malite cavasocials.org dị ka ụzọ na-amalite na-amụta banyere mmanya na-egbu maramara na Spain CAVA na CORPINNAT. Nke a bụ 2022 na-egbuke egbuke! na akụkọ ndị ọzọ gbasara ụdị mmanya na-egbu egbu n'ụwa niile.