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UNESCO, UNWTO na Palestine: USA na Israel na-ahapụ UNESCO

UNESCO
UNESCO

Na Nzukọ Ezumezu UNWTO na Chengdu, China na nso nso a, otu mkparịta ụka bụ nnabata Palestine dị ka onye otu zuru oke. Ndabere diplomacy, mgbali nke Israel ịhapụ UNWTO, na nrụgide nke United States mere ka Palestine kwụsị ịtụ vootu na ndị otu ha niile na-ahụ maka njem mba ụwa ọzọ afọ 2 ọzọ.

Eductù Na-ahụ Maka Mmụta, Sayensị na Ọdịbendị nke Mba Ndị Dị n'Otu (UNESCO) nwere mmekọrịta chiri anya na World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO). Na 2011, UNESCO nakweere Palestine dị ka onye zuru oke. Palestine rịọrọ maka ịbanye na UNWTO.

Nke a kpalitere iwu US nke kwụsịrị ego ndị America maka nzukọ ọ bụla nke nakweere Palestine nweere onwe ya. United States kwụrụ ụgwọ maka 22 pasent ($ 80 nde) nke mmefu ego kwa afọ nke UNESCO.

Nke a dị ka ihe ijuanya, n'ihi na UNESCO bụ otu nzukọ na - enweghị ego - ọrụ ya kachasị ewu ewu bụ ịdebe ma chebe akara ngosi mba ụwa, nke a na - akpọ saịtị World Heritage - ebe dịka Alamo na Great Barrier Reef, Grand Canyon. Kedu ihe kpatara US nwere ike iji kwụsị nzukọ etinye aka na omenaala na sayensị?

Ihe kpatara ya bụ Palestine. Ihe kpatara ya bu Israel.

Nke mbu, US wepuru ego maka UNESCO mgbe anabatara Palestine dị ka onye otu, ugbu a Onye isi ala US isi ga-ahapụ UNESCO na 2018, na nkeji oge nke a Israel kwughachiri. Ebupula ikike US ịtụ vootu na mbido n'ihi na United States na-ada n'azụ ụgwọ ndị otu.

Na 1984, ochichi Reagan weputara iwe ya na UN na UNESCO maka ebubo nke mgbochi US, pro-Soviet na-emegide UN (ọ were ruo 2002 ka US banyeghachi). Ọ bụkwa ihe kpatara ndị Palestian ji nwee nkụda mmụọ maka ọdịda nke mkparịta ụka nkwado US iji mepụta nkwekọrịta udo, kpaliri ka a mata ya dị ka otu ndị otu UNESCO: Ọ bụ ebe ha mere ezigbo ohere iji nweta ọnọdụ steeti steeti, yana ya mere, na tiori, na-etinye nrụgide ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ọzọ na Israel ịnọdụ ala na mkparịta ụka.

Ndị Palestaịn meriri ndị otu UNESCO nke 2011 site na nkeji 107-14 (agbanyeghị na mba 52 kwụụrụ). Agbanyeghị, nke a emepụtabeghị ụzọ ọganihu na nkwekọrịta udo nke Israel na Palestine - yana nsonazụ enyemaka enyemaka na-esote maka UNESCO dị njọ. Klaus Hüfner, ọkachamara na UNESCO na Global Policy Forum, kpọrọ ya "ọgba aghara ego."

United States abụghị onye otu UNWTO. Nke a ọ ga - apụta na US agaghị abụ onye otu ọ bụrụhaala na mkparịta ụka na - aga n’ihu maka Palestine iji sonyere ndị njem? Palestine ugbu a bụ onye nyocha. Israel ọ ga-ahapụ UNWTO? Ọ na-echere ka a hụ ya na ọ bụ ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ịchọ ọdịmma onwe onye nanị.

Prime Minista Israel Benjamin Netanyahu toro mkpebi US ịhapụ UNESCO dị ka "onye nwere obi ike na omume," ka nkwupụta kwuru.

Onye isi nke Nationstù Mmụta, Sayensị na Ọdịbendị nke Mba Ndị Dị n'Otu (UNESCO) kwupụtara "akwa ụta" na Thursday maka mkpebi United States ịhapụ ụlọ ọrụ ahụ.

“Nke a bụ mfu UNESCO. Nke a bụ ihe funahụrụ ezinụlọ United Nations. Nke a bụ ihe nfu maka multilateralism, ”onye isi Director UNESCO Irina Bokova kwuru na nkwupụta.

O kwuru na "Ulo akwukwo di nkpa na ebumnuche UNESCO iji mee ka udo na nchekwa nke mba di iche na ihu nke ịkpọasị na ime ihe ike, iji chebe ikike na ugwu mmadu," ka ọ gbakwụnyere, na-ekwupụta na UNESCO ga-aga n'ihu na-ewulite narị afọ nke 21 dị mma, udo, nha anya.

Nwaada Bokova chetara na na 2011, mgbe US kwụsịtụrụ ịkwụ ụgwọ nke ndị otu ya, o kwenyesiri ike na UNESCO emetụtaghị US ma ọ bụ otu ọzọ.

“Nke a bụ eziokwu karịa taa,” ka ọ gara n’ihu, “mgbe mbilite nke ime ihe ike na iyi ọha egwu na-achọ nzaghachi ọhụrụ nke ogologo oge maka udo na nchebe, iji gbochie ịkpa ókè agbụrụ na antisemitism, iji lụso amaghị ihe na ịkpa ókè ọgụ.”

Nwada Bokova kwuputara ihe o kwenyere na ndi America na akwado omume UNESCO iji jikwa teknụzụ mmuta ohuru; welie mmekorita nke sayensi, maka nkwado nke oke osimiri; kwalite nnwere onwe ikwu okwu, chedo nchekwa nke ndị nta akụkọ; nye umuaka na umu nwanyi ikike dika ndi n’eme mgbanwe na udo. obodo ndị na-akwado ihe mberede, ọdachi na esemokwu; ma nwee mmuta na mmuta di nma.

"Agbanyeghị igbochi ego, kemgbe 2011, anyị emeela mmekọrịta dị n'etiti United States na UNESCO, nke na-enwebeghị isi dị oke mkpa," ka ọ rụpụtara. "Anyị gbakọrọ aka chebe oke nketa ọdịbendị nke ụmụ mmadụ n'agbanyeghị mwakpo nke ndị na-eyi ọha egwu na igbochi oke egwu ime ihe ike site na agụmakwụkwọ na mmuta mgbasa ozi."

Mmekọrịta dị n'etiti UNESCO na US "dọtara na ụkpụrụ ndị ọzọ."

Onye isi ochichi nyere ihe atụ nke imekọ ihe n’oge ahụ, dịka ịmalite Global Partnership for Girls ’na Womenmụ nwanyị na ime mmemme World Press Freedom Day na Washington, DC, yana National Endowment for Democracy.

Ọ kpọtụrụ aha ogologo akụkọ ihe mere eme nke njikọta ọnụ, gụnyere iso Samuel Pisar, onye nnọchi anya asọpụrụ na onye nnọchi anya pụrụ iche maka agụmakwụkwọ Holocaust, kwalite mmụta maka ncheta nke Oké Mgbukpọ ahụ n'ofe ụwa iji lụso ọgụ ọgụ na mgbukpọ taa; na-arụkọ ọrụ na isi ụlọ ọrụ US Microsoft, Cisco, Procter & Gamble na Intel iji debe ụmụ agbọghọ n'ụlọ akwụkwọ na ịzụlite teknụzụ maka mmụta dị mma; na-arụ ọrụ na US Geological Survey, US Army Corps of Engineers, na US ọkachamara ọha mmadụ na-enwe ọganihu nnyocha maka nkwado nke njikwa mmiri, ọrụ ugbo.

"Mmekọrịta dị n'etiti UNESCO na United States miri emi, n'ihi na ọ dọtara na ụkpụrụ ndị ọzọ," Nwada Bokova kwusiri ike.

Na-ekwu okwu n'ime Iwu nke UNESCO na 1945 nke US Librarian nke Congress Archibald MacLeish - "ebe ọ bụ na agha na-amalite n'uche ụmụ mmadụ, ọ bụ n'uche ụmụ mmadụ ka a ga-ewukwasị ihe nchebe nke udo" - o kwuru na ọhụụ a adịtụbeghị mkpa , gbakwunyere na US nyeere aka kpalite 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention.

Na-akpọ ọrụ gị n'ụlọnga "isi iji wusie nkekọ nke ụmụ mmadụ nketa nke nketa n'agbanyeghị ike nke ịkpọasị na nkewa," o kwuru uru nke World Heritage kpọtụrụ aha na US, dị ka Statue nke nnwere onwe, dị ka ọ bụghị nanị dị ka a na-akọwapụta akara US mana na ọ na-ekwu maka ndị mmadụ n'ofe ụwa.

"UNESCO ga-aga n'ihu na-arụ ọrụ maka ịdị mkpa nke otu nzukọ a, maka ụkpụrụ anyị na-ekerịta, maka ebumnuche anyị jikọtara ọnụ, iji wusie usoro ịhazi ọtụtụ mba na-aga nke ọma yana udo, ụwa zuru oke," Oriakụ Bokova mechiri.

A maara ụlọ ọrụ ahụ maka ịmepụta ebe nketa ụwa dịka Syria Palmyra na US Grand Canyon.

Onye isi UNESCO Irina Bokova buru ụzọ kpọọ mbupụ US bụ ihe “akwa ụta.”

Otú ọ dị, o kwetara na "ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị" ejirila "mebie" nzukọ a n'afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya.

Nwepu ego ahụ nọchiri anya mfu nke "UN ezinụlọ" na multilateralism, Nwada Bokova kwukwara.

Nwepu nke US ga-adị ire na ngwụcha Disemba 2018 - rue mgbe ahụ, US ga-abụ onye otu zuru ezu. Ndi United States ga-ehiwe ndi nlere anya na nzukọ nke Paris iji dochie anya ya, ndi ochichi steeti kwuru.